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compartive note

compartive note - Patrick McGroder Comparative Politics...

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Patrick McGroder January 30, 2008 Comparative Politics Notes - Barrington Moore Social Class Theory o Faction o Aristocracy/ Monarchy o Bourgeoisie Petty-Bourgeoisie Teachers Mom pop stores Proleteriat-Lumpen Peasantry/ Serfs Challenge of modernization> revolution from the middle > bourgeoisie new revo from above> fascism revo from below> communism No bourgeoisie > No Democracy Enclosure movement- see pic Colonies- US, Canada, Australia, Africa Oppressive system based on ideology fascism Weimar Republic - 1920-1950 - 1917 Revolution Lenin and Communist states February 4, 2008 Moore - No bourgeoise = No Democracy Huntington - Degree of Government more important than form of Government Lijphart - The issue us bit between consociational democracy and competitive democracy it is between consociational democracy and no democracy Lijphart’s Consociational (power sharing) Democracy - Cultural fragmentation - Sub-cultures
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- Social cleavages Arthur Lewis Politics in West Africa “On can after the constitutional rules for forming a govt. for example instead of the president sending for the leader of the largest party to form the cabinet the rule may tell him to send for the leader of every party that has received more than 20% of the vote And divide the cabinet seats between them… to unite the coalition idea into the rules of forming a government instead of the present govt. vs the opposition idea would quite a step forward. Examples of consociational government Switzerland, Czechoslovakia, Northern Ireland 1. Executive Cabinets- grand coalition 2. Veto power on matter of essential interest 3. parliamentary elections/ higher appointments/ budgetary allocation a. principle of proportional representation
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