History Ch. 40 & 41

History Ch. 40 & 41 - Chapter 40 Revival and Revolution...

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Chapter 40 Revival and Revolution in East Asia Introduction Japan’s economy was destroyed by the war and most of its cities were in rubble Although Japan lived under military occupation from 1945 – 1952, by 165 they had become the worlds third industrial power after the U.S. and the Soviet Union In china, civil war occurred, Communist emerged victorious over the Kuomintang government Mao Tse-tung, the communist leader, launched the Great Leap Forward – A radical economic program that ended by plunging the country into mass starvation Was followed by a cultural Revolution, a destructive effort to revive flagging revolutionary ardor, which eneded only with Mao’s death China began to open contacts with the west in the 1970’s to pursue economic growth rather than ideology Korea was split by the cold war into rival states: Vietnam China in Revolution Japanese invasion and occupation of China from 1931- 1945 fatally eroded the power and legitimacy of the Kuomintang government of Chiang Kai-shek American representatives under General George C. Marshall tried to arrange a coalition with the Communists but failed and China was torn into a full-scale civil war. Mao announced that 1958 would be the year of the “Great Leap forward” in which China would overtake Britain in industrial output by united efforts within the commune structure. Mao created the Little Red Book of his sayings Great leap was a failure and the country collapsed into economic chaos in 1959 30 million people died of starvation or malnutrition in the worst famine in world history Cultural Revolution, hundreds of millions of people suffered. Millions were out of jobs. Colleges were closed for the fear of it was breeding grounds for a new elite Liu Hsiao-chi, a revolutionary comrade Mao had picked as his successor was accused of “rightist revisionism” because of his efforts to rebuild the economy after the disaster of the Great Leap Forward. Mao died and china for the next 30 years would resume cautious interchange with the rest of the world with isolation After Mao’s death China remained poor, sme growth in agriculture, Industry grew rapidily, throusands of miles of new railways and roads were built, China delivered basic health care to most of its people Government under Teng Hsia-p’ing became increasing repressive in its response to growing disaffection and protests. Took it was a threat.
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Demonstrations were never violent. Night of June 3-4 the army and its tanks moved in to crush the demonstrators, killing over 1,000 unarmed students. Death of Teng Hsiao-p’ing lead to power struggle Taiwan and Hong Kong Taiwan had be taken over by the Japanese in 1895 but in Japans defeat in 1945 it was returned Taiwan in the 1950’s began a period of rapid economic growth with heavy American aid Divided Korea Korea had suffered more than any colonial country in the world under Japanese rule between 1910 to 1945. Living standards fell during this periods
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History Ch. 40 & 41 - Chapter 40 Revival and Revolution...

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