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Chapter 40 Revival and Revolution in East Asia

Chapter 40 Revival and Revolution in East Asia - Chapter 40...

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Chapter 40 Revival and Revolution in East Asia Introduction Japan’s economy was destroyed by the war and most of its cities were in rubble Although Japan lived under military occupation from 1945 – 1952, by 165 they had become the worlds third industrial power after the U.S. and the Soviet Union In china, civil war occurred, Communist emerged victorious over the Kuomintang government Mao Tse-tung, the communist leader, launched the Great Leap Forward – A radical economic program that ended by plunging the country into mass starvation Was followed by a cultural Revolution, a destructive effort to revive flagging revolutionary ardor, which eneded only with Mao’s death China began to open contacts with the west in the 1970’s to pursue economic growth rather than ideology Korea was split by the cold war into rival states: Vietnam China in Revolution Japanese invasion and occupation of China from 1931- 1945 fatally eroded the power and legitimacy of the Kuomintang government of Chiang Kai-shek American representatives under General George C. Marshall tried to arrange a coalition with the Communists but failed and China was torn into a full-scale civil war. Mao announced that 1958 would be the year of the “Great Leap forward” in which China would overtake Britain in industrial output by united efforts within the commune structure. Mao created the Little Red Book of his sayings Great leap was a failure and the country collapsed into economic chaos in 1959
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