10-The Opium Wars and the Taiping Rebellion - The Opium Wars and the Taiping Rebellion THE OPIUM WARS Opium in review British Trade and the Canton

10-The Opium Wars and the Taiping Rebellion - The Opium...

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The Opium Wars and the Taiping Rebellion
THE OPIUM WARS Opium in review British Trade and the Canton System
First Opium War (1839-1842) 1839 –Lin Zexu (Confucianist) put in charge of opium trade at Guangzhou (Canton). Confiscation of British opium and blockade of port British Superintendent of Trade promised British would be compensated Meant British admitted opium was illegal Meant British took responsibility June 1840 – British Indian army took Guangzou, sailed upriver and took tax barges China sued for peace
Second Opium War (1856– 1860) 1856 – Chinese seize the "Arrow" pirate ship not British ship; flew British flag British consul demanded release of crew and apology crew released; apology not given British governor in Hong Kong ordered bombards Guangzhou British/French invade China
Second Opium War (1856– 1860) Anglo-French Delegation arrested Army marches on Beijing China sues for peace Punitive treaty Opium not the issue

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