Am_Gov_7e_Ch10.pdf - 1 CHAPTER 10 The Presidency...

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CHAPTER 10The Presidency1
Introduction2Demands on the presidency are numerous andcontradictory.Presidential influence and power has variedsince the 1950s.
The President and SymbolicLeadership3The president serves as both the ceremonial chiefof state and the actual head of government.The ceremonial presidency is the symbol ofnational unity.Thehoneymoon periodis one of general publicgoodwill and often results in political victories.International crises rally presidential support.The fusion of symbolic and political authoritysometimes fuels public criticism as well.
Public Approval Ratings ofPresidents, Roosevelt to ObamaPublicapprovalratings usuallyvary widelyduring apresidentstime in office.Sometimesratingsreflect thepresident’shandling ofevents. Atother times,they reflectpublicfrustration overevents largelyout of apresident’scontrol.4
The President and the Constitution5Executive PowerPresidents have interpretedexecutive powerdifferently.The stewardship theory suggests broad powers.The constitutional theory suggests narrow, limited powers.The steel seizure case established a middle ground:When the President acts in absence of either a congressionalgrant or denial of authority… there is a zone of twilight inwhich he and Congress may have concurrent authority.Supreme Court Justice Robert H. JacksonJackson implied that the Court would decide such constitutionalboundary disputes on the basis ofthe imperatives of eventsand contemporary imponderables rather than on abstracttheories of law.
The President and the Constitution(continued)6The plasticity of the presidency means that the office can be moldedaccording to a particular president’s personality and events.The Power of AppointmentThe President nominates ambassadors, judges, and other officials,usually with the advice and consent of the Senate.The Senate may delay or defeat a nomination.The Removal PowerThe Supreme Court has ruled that the President’s removal powersapply only to purely executive offices.The President can place pressure on officials to resign.The Power to PardonThe President’s pardon powers are limited to federal offenses.Ford’s pardon of Nixon was one of the most controversial uses of thispower.
The President and the Executive Branch7The CabinetThe cabinet is not a high-level decision making body.Although the president is not obligated to share responsibilitywith his cabinet, and its officers serve at the president’s discretion,individual officers can still have a significant influence on thepresident.Cabinet officers may be politically independent and often moreresponsive to constituent groups than the president.

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