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Reconstruction Citizenship

Reconstruction Citizenship - Our First Big Question Who...

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Unformatted text preview: Our First Big Question: Who gets to be an American citizen, and on what terms? Our Time Period for this Unit c. 1865-1900 Three Groups African Americans (former slaves, or "freedmen") American Indians (citizens of tribes? Of U.S.? What?) Chinese Immigrants (newcomers, but not from Europe) Today: The Freedmen What the Civil War Settled What the Civil War Didn't Settle Reconstruction Amendments 13th Amendment, 1865 (Slavery) 14th Amendment, 1868 (Citizenship) 15th Amendment, 1870 (Voting) Rapid Gains (Change over Time) Full Citizenship Lost, 1870-1900 Southern Democrats The "White Supremacy" Creed Supported by Northern Democrats Northern Republicans New problems in North Business issues replace social reform Southern Republicans Blacks and Poor Whites isolated by 1890 1890s: the Crisis Decade Disfranchisement "Jim Crow" Segregation Laws Lynchings (Mob Rule) Northern apathy, Northern racism Result #1: "second class" citizenship Result #2: The "Solid South" U.S. Supreme Court Rulings U.S. v. Harris, 1883 (13th Amendment) Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 (14th) Williams v. Mississippi,1898 (15th) ...
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