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2History of Social and Political Thought of St. AugustineIntroductionIn Northern Africa, the Catholic Bishop of Hippo was St. Augustine (354-430 C.E.),initially called Aurelius Augustine. Augustine was a brilliant Roman-trained rhetorical authorwho wrote more than 100 pieces over 30 years and became the first philosopher of the Christianswith great acclamation. Augustine's ideas on political and social philosophy, written from adifferent perspective as a keen onlooker of the social structure before the collapse of the “RomanEmpire,” provide an essential intellectual link between the late and the newly forming medievalworlds (Byeon, 2018). Due to the breadth and amount of his writings, many academics regardhim as the most persuasive Western philosopher.While he certainly didn’t think about “himself as a political/social philosopher inhimself.” Documentation of his thoughts has influenced forming Western civilizations on theissues of societal structure, justice, nature, and the power of the State, the affairs betweenreligion and Government, just and unfair war, and unity (Casiday, 2005). There is a lot in hiswork that mainly predicts essential issues in contemporary literature, such as Machiavelli,Luther, Calvin, and Hobbes.a. Historical BackgroundAugustine's political/social ideas come unswervingly through his theology; in order toappreciate his aims, the historical background is essential. Augustine is located at theknowledgeable crossroads of Christianity, philosophy, as well as politics more than any otherearly antiquity thinker. As a Christian clergyman, he has the duty of defending his congregationagainst a relentless onslaught of heresies that had established themselves in a period that
3instantaneous, divine revelations had marked. Also, as a philosopher, Augustine places hisreasoning in a spiritual history against the background of Greek philosophy, especially asarticulated by the Alexandrian Neoplatonists (Lamb, 2018). Finally, as a famous Roman national,he knows that the “Roman Empire is the divinely” ordered means of disseminating andpreserving Christian teachings.Augustine perished reciting the "Penitential Psalms" as the Vandals sat down on theNorth African shore of Hippo; this happened twenty years after Alaric sacked Rome.b. “Theory of Augustine's Political”However, Augustine's desire to confront significant political and social problems does notimply that his views are presented in advance, either as a sound system or a system. His politicaldebates, which comprise autobiography, sermons, exhibitions, commentaries, letters, andChristian apologies, are dispersed throughout his vast texts. In addition, the settings whereinpolitical and social problems are tackled very equally.