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Art History 6C notes (part 2)

Art History 6C notes (part 2) - Romanticism artistic...

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Romanticism – artistic freedom that is inspired by the ideals of the French revolution and it was a break from the norm from the enlightenment. It is obscure and incoherent. Keep in mind that it is not really a style, but rather a movement/idea that takes a variety of forms. Romanticism is a critique of the norms Gericault, The Study of Limbs, 1818-19 - This is like an abstract painting, it’s just about the painting itself and nothing else. - “The beautiful has only one type: the ugly has a thousand.” - Natural (dead nature) – it is a still life of a hacked off limb. - This image cannot be articulated; it is very bizarre. J.A.-D Ingres, Large Odalisque, 1814 - This is neoclassical because of its bright colors, clarity, and ornate detail: very well done. - This wouldn’t be a neoclassical painting because of her nakedness, her smooth rounded body. - It is a critique of the classical nude (it is odd, tiny breasts, big butt, and leg that goes essentially no where). - There are lush jewels. She is the wife of a king. - This is a very personal vision of the nude; it’s very exotic but largely distorted. It is a kind of hyper realism of the objects around her in contrast with her large body. Eugene Delacriox, Death of Sardanapalus, 1827 - Image of death and wealth. - It is a complete type of fantasy of what goes on with the exotic. - A woman is begging for her life, servants are bringing in wine Comparison Eugene Delariox, Massacre at Chios, 1827-28 - It is an image of a massacre on the left side of the image - It tells the story of a war; the Turks v. the Greeks. The Turks murdered many people in the land of Chios. - It shows contradictions in history paintings; yes these people are successful at conquering their enemy, yet they are not heroes like the one represented in history images. - There are plenty of details yet they are located everywhere in the image unlike David’s image: The man in the foreground’s body is not idealized (there is dramatic shading which gives the figure his form). - These figures exemplify the neoclassical figures. J.L. David, Death of Marat , 1793 - He is working at his desk; this is homage to him, everything takes you to the hero, the fallen hero yes, but a hero indeed. - You see the clarity of detail, the knife on the ground, etc.
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Francisco Goya, Family of Carlos IV , 1800 - The hierarchy of paintings: this image is very dark and ugly. - There is a woman who is looking away because she was so ugly. - The queen and the king: she was his cousin. - Ths has nothing to do with the way royalty should appear. - Goya who was very appreciative of Velasquez based his painting on the image of Las Meninas , by Velasquez. - There is a type of erosion of form. You have a royal portrait which is not quite wealthy legitimacy of wealth. Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters , 1796-98 - When reason sleeps, monsters come out of the darkness.
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