pp.725-726 - -social psychology we dont live in isolation...

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-social psychology: we don’t live in isolation, but we interact with each other on a regular basis. It’s important to note that the presence of others doesn't have to be real; we only have to perceive that others are there -attribution theory: ex.) if Bob is mean to me one day, would i attribute his behavior to him being a jerk (internal) or him having a bad day (external) -fundamental attribution error: ex.) i say hi to Bob but he gives me a quick & unfriendly hello and then walks away; if i say he's a jerk, i have made a fundamental attribution error, but i never thought that maybe bob just lost a loved one or etc -attitude: my attitude about smoking is bad so i believe that smoking is unhealthy and i feel disgusted whenpeople smoke around me, so i avoid being in situations where people smoke Foot-in-the-door phenomenon: "start small and build" ex.) someone wants you to volunteer for 5 days a week but then they first ask you to volunteer for 2 days, after you agree they ask if youre willing to do more Cognitive dissonance theory: ex.) conflict: it's important to take care of the environment but im driving a car; in order to reduce this dissonance between belief and behavior...i can sell the car or take the bus of ride a bike -2 types of attribution theorys…
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-we using rely on situational attributions , stressing the influence of external events, to explain our own behavior (ofen the behavior of those we know well and see in many different contexts) -when explaining the actions of people who we don’t know well, we often resort to dispositional attributions , assuming they behave as they do b/c of their personal traits -our attitudes are most likely to affect our behavior when social influences are minimal, the attitude is specific to the behavior, and we are very aware of the attitude - attitudes follow behavior…..doing becomes believing= attitudes adapt to behavior, rather than drive it - role –playing studies : Phillip Zimbardo’s prison experiment, people who behaved in certain ways in scripted scenarios have adopted attitudes in keeping with those roles
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-conformity: we conform because of our desire or need to fit in or be accepted by others -normative social influence: ex.) if you go to a play, you will usually applaud when others do even if you didn't really like the play; You do this to avoid the disapproval of others -informational social influence: ex.) i go to a different country, where some nice people offer to show me around. they take me to one of their sports events that i've never seen before. since i don’t know whether it's good/bad, when to cheer/boo, i would simply watch how others behave -social facilitation: ex.) in a bicycle race, people tend to go faster when they're competing against each other directly than when they were racing individually -social loafing: ex.) group projects where there's five students in a group, 3 are working hard, but the other 2 are not really doing anything -deindividuation: ex.) how can soldiers kill innocent people? it's not because they're monsters, but it's b/c they
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