April 1 Group Influence

April 1 Group Influence - April 1 Group Influence What is a...

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April 1 Group Influence What is a group? Group : two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, interact with and influence one another o Perceive themselves as “us” vs. “them” o Examples: Family, UMass fans at a game NOT people in a coffee shop (non-regulars) Social Facilitation Social Facilitation o Original meaning : the tendency to perform simple of well-learned tasks better when others are present Classic study (Triplet) Riding bicycles and children winding fishing reel – faster in the presence of co-actors Also true for other simple tasks (e.g., simple math problems) o Sometimes the presence of others makes performance worse – social inhibition Difficult anagrams, multiplication problems Learning mazes WHY? Arousal due to others may impede performance o Zajonc argued that arousal enhances the dominant (well-learned) response If task is novel and difficult – others makes performance worse But, if the task is easy or well-learned – others aid performance o Current Meaning : the strengthening of dominant responses in the presence of others Support for Social Facilitation
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Micheals and colleagues (1982) o Observed pool players at student union o Chose six above and six below average Compared performance among “good” pool players to “poor” pool players when alone or in the presence of 4 observers Good alone = 71%. Good w/ others = 80% → Better Bad alone = 36%. Bad w/ others = 25% Worse Home Team Advantage o
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSYCH 360 taught by Professor Butz during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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April 1 Group Influence - April 1 Group Influence What is a...

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