IRNotesFromBook - Exploring Twenty-First Century World...

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Exploring Twenty-First Century World Politics I. Important Aspects of World Politics a. Global political system b. Cold War c. 9/11/01 – A transforming event? d. Anarchy vs. chaos e. Cycles of world politics f. States and nations II. Perceptions and Reality a. Schematic reasoning: information interpreted according to scripts, metaphors and stereotypes [we see what we are trained to see] b. Cognitive dissonance: discrepancies between existing beliefs and new information [we see what we want to see] c. Constructivism: mental maps shape attitudes about, and images of, world politics [we see what we expect to see] III. Factors Influencing Perceptions in World Politics a. Psychological needs, drives b. Views of international affairs c. Images advanced by leaders d. Images of world history e. Opinions of close associates f. Attitudes of respected pundits/policymakers g. Our positions and roles IV. Ideology a. Defined = core philosophical principles about life, politics and the way people ought to behave b. Ideologies shape how adherents view and interpret world politics V. The Role of Images in World Politics a. Russian fear of invasion b. American exceptionalism c. Mutual misperceptions d. Mirror images: US and USSR Cold War e. Images change: Vietnam and utility of force VI. Different Images of the World a. Mercator Projection: Eurocentric map used in 16 th century placed Europe in the center and made the Global South appear smaller b. Peter’s Projection: Real geographic map shows prominence of the land masses of the Global South where 2/3 of the world’s population lives c. Orthographic Projection: Shows the earth as round but the land near the equator looks larger than it is VII. Levels of Analysis a. Individual b. State c. System VIII. Important Concepts
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a. Global North: Wealthy countries b. Global South: Less-developed countries c. Agenda: Issues, problems, controversies d. Politics: Who gets what e. Economics: Allocation of scarce resources f. Range from great powers to nonstate actors g. Low politics: economic and social issues h. High politics: Security and political relations i. Sovereignty: States are “equal” in theory – a state’s government is the highest authority within its borders j. Globalization: Integration of states and peoples; declining importance of borders k. Interdependence: Life in one state is dependent upon conditions in other states l. US as a global hegemon m. Geo-economics= The relationship between geography and economic conditions n. Geopolitics= The relationship between geography and politics; distribution of military power o. Human rights: Political rights and civil liberties recognized as inalienable p. Limits to growth? q.
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IRNotesFromBook - Exploring Twenty-First Century World...

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