SBI4U_ The Endocrine System (1).pdf - SBI4U The Endocrine...

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SBI4U: The Endocrine System 1. In a table list the major organs of the endocrine system, their function and the hormones secreted. (16 marks) Organ Function Hormone Secreted Hypothalamus Maintain homeostasis of the body Oxytocin, ADH Pituitary gland Tell other glands to secrete hormones thus controlling things like metabolism and growth. Thyroid stimulating hormone, Follicle stimulating hormone, Leutenizing hormone, Adrenocorticoptropic hormone, Growth hormone, Prolactin, ADH, Oxytocin. Parathyroid gland Creating parathyroid hormone and controlling calcium levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone Thyroid gland Producing hormones that regulate metabolic rate. thyroid hormone, thyroxine, triiodothyronine Adrenal gland Producing hormones that help maintain salt balance in the body, blood pressure as well as creating some sex hormones. Adrenaline, Noradrenaline, Cortisol, Aldosterone, Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA), Testosterone, Pancreas Assisting in the digestion process and regulating blood sugar. Glucagon, Insulin Ovaries (Female) Producing and secreting hormones that control the development of female sexual characteristics. Estrogen, Progesterone, Testosterone
Testes (Male) Producing sperm and male sex hormones. Testosterone, Inhibin Pineal gland Receiving and passing along information about the light-dark cycle from the environment which coordinates melatonin production and secretion. Melatonin 2. Label the following diagram: (4 marks) 1)Pineal gland 2)Pituitary gland 3)Thyroid gland 4)Thymus 5)Adrenal gland (1 of 2) 6)Pancreas 7)Ovaries 8)Testes 3. Explain the importance of the 'master gland'. What hormones are secreted by the anterior and posterior pituitary? Give their target organs and main function of the hormone. (8 marks)

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