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Unformatted text preview: Sodium +1 d. Magnesium +2 e. Calcium +2 f. Iron +2, +3 g. Aluminum +3 h. Silicon +4 V. Rocks a. Aggregates of one or more minerals b. Amorphous (non-crystalline) substance c. Three main types i. Igneous – solidification of molten rock ii. Sedimentary – burial products of layers of sediments (sand, mud, calcium carbonate shells) iii. Metamorphic – formed by the transformation of preexisting solid rocks under the influence of high pressure and temperature VI. The Rock Cycle a. Origin of rocks; main rock types b. Processes i. Melting ii. Solidification (crystallization) iii. Weathering iv. Lithification (sediments to solid rock) 1. Compaction 2. Cementation v. Metamorphism...
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- Fall '07
- 3 g, cementation, Rocks I. Minerals