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Unformatted text preview: Sodium +1 d. Magnesium +2 e. Calcium +2 f. Iron +2, +3 g. Aluminum +3 h. Silicon +4 V. Rocks a. Aggregates of one or more minerals b. Amorphous (non-crystalline) substance c. Three main types i. Igneous solidification of molten rock ii. Sedimentary burial products of layers of sediments (sand, mud, calcium carbonate shells) iii. Metamorphic formed by the transformation of preexisting solid rocks under the influence of high pressure and temperature VI. The Rock Cycle a. Origin of rocks; main rock types b. Processes i. Melting ii. Solidification (crystallization) iii. Weathering iv. Lithification (sediments to solid rock) 1. Compaction 2. Cementation v. Metamorphism...
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- Fall '07