CRJS 215 Chapter14

CRJS 215 Chapter14 - Chapter 14 The Criminal Justice System...

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Chapter 14 The Criminal Justice System
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Origins of the Criminal Justice System Wickersham Commission 1931 Era of treatment and rehabilitation President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, 1967 Practitioners, educators, and attorneys did a comprehensive review of criminal justice process Law Enforcement Assistance Administration Massive campaign to restructure criminal justice system Provide federal funds to State and Local crime control efforts Helped to id concept of unified system of Criminal Justice System
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What is the Criminal Justice System? Definition : refers to the agencies of government charged with enforcing law, adjudicating crime, and correcting criminal conduct. More than 55,000 public agencies employ 2 million people 17,000 law enforcement agencies and nearly 17,000 courts More than 8,000 prosecutorial agencies and about 6,000 correctional institutions More than 3,500 probation and parole departments Almost 7 million are under the control of the correctional system with 2 million people in jails and prisons
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The Process of Justice Assembly line process Initial contact (with police) Investigation (to identify the perpetrator) Arrest (taken into custody) Probable cause Officer deprives the individual of freedom Suspect can not leave voluntarily
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course CRJS 215 taught by Professor O'toole during the Spring '08 term at Old Dominion.

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CRJS 215 Chapter14 - Chapter 14 The Criminal Justice System...

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