CRJS 215 Chapter 10

CRJS 215 Chapter 10 - Violent Crime • Why do...

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Violent Crime Why do criminologists categorize the crimes of Washington D.C. sniper John Muhammad as expressive rather than instrumental crimes?
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Violent Crime Why do criminologists categorize the crimes of Washington D.C. sniper John Muhammad as expressive rather than instrumental crimes? Expressive violence: acts that vent rage, anger, or frustration Instrumental violence: acts design to improve the financial or social position of the criminal
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 1. Personal traits and makeup Neurological impairments: Abnormal EEG’s, seizures Low intelligence: IQ tests, paranoia, illogical thinking, hallucinations Abnormal personality structures: Depression, impulsivity, aggression, dishonesty, pathological lying, and lack of remorse
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 2. Evolutionary Factors/Human Instinct Eros: Life instinct: drives people toward self- fulfillment and enjoyment Thanatos: The death instinct which produces self destruction Aggression and violence are inborn instincts Violence is committed primarily by males
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 3. Substance Abuse Psychopharmacological relationship may be the direct consequence of ingesting mood-altering substances. Example: Binge drinking Economic compulsive behavior: drug users resort to violence to support their habit Systemic link: occurs when drug dealers turn violent in competition with rival gangs.
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 4. Socialization and Upbringing Absent/deviant parents Inconsistent discipline Physical abuse Lack of supervision
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 4. Socialization and Upbringing Children exposed to violence at home, school, and environment are more likely to use violence themselves Parents who fail to set adequate limits reinforce a child coercive behavior Physical punishments may lead to anger and defiance
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 4. Socialization and Upbringing Abused children Abused children are likely to later engage in delinquent behaviors Abused children are likely to physically abuse siblings Abused children are likely to engage in spousal abuse The Brutalization Process: Young victim begins process of developing belligerent, angry demeanor Four types of attacks: physically defensive, frustrate, malefic (victim is extremely evil) and frustrate-malefic
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 5. Exposure to Violence People who are constantly exposed to violence may adopt violent methods themselves Children living in areas marked by extreme violence may be desensitized to the violent behaviors
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The Causes of Violence What sets off a violent person? 6.
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CRJS 215 Chapter 10 - Violent Crime • Why do...

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