CRJS 215 Chapter 13

CRJS 215 Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Public Order Crimes Law...

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Chapter 13 Public Order Crimes
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Law and Morality Debating Morality Scholars argue pornography, prostitution, and drug use erodes the moral fabric of society. What is offensive to some is accepted by others Influence of cultural values help regulate definitions of morality
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Law and Morality Social Harm Certain behaviors run contrary to social norms, customs, and values (I.E. Prostitution) The “seven deadly sins” are not illegal (lust, gluttony, avarice, sloth, envy, pride, or anger) Acts viewed as being illegal are viewed as a threat to morality and referred to as public order crimes
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Homosexuality “Gaybashing” is a term used to describe violent acts directed at people because of their sexual orientation Homosexuality refers to erotic interests in members of one’s own sex Attitudes toward Homosexuality Sodomy (biblical prohibitions) Homophobia refers to extreme negative overreaction to homosexuals Fear of homosexuals is attributed to ignorance about homosexuality
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Homosexuality Homosexuality and the Law Homosexuality is no longer a crime in the U.S. (Robinson v. California) Defense of Marriage Act declared that states are not obligated to recognize same-sex marriages performed in other states (1996) Military policy of “don’t ask, don’t tell”
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Homosexuality Is the Tide Turning? Surveys reveal the majority of Americans support equality for same-sex couples Recent Supreme Court decisions illustrate the changing attitudes toward the gay lifestyle (Romer v. Evans and Lawrence v. Texas) Immoral acts are distinguished from crimes based on the social harm they cause
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Homosexuality Moral Crusaders Vigilantes held a strict standard of morality in the early West Public order crimes are often shaped by moral crusaders (moral entrepreneurs) who suggest their way is righteous Acts are illegal because they violate the moral standards of those in power and those who try to shape public opinion
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Paraphilias Bizarre or abnormal sexual practices involving recurrent sexual urges focused on: Nonhuman objects (i.e. underwear or shoes) Humiliation or the experience of receiving or giving pain (sadomasochism) Children or others who cannot grant consent
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Paraphilias Outlawed Sexual Behaviors Asphyxiophilia: oxygen deprivation for enhancement of sexual gratification Frotteurism: rubbing against or toughing a nonconsenting person in a crowd Voyeurism: spying on a stranger who is disrobing or engaged in sexual behavior Exhibitionism: sexual pleasure from exposing genitals
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CRJS 215 Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Public Order Crimes Law...

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