REVIEW LIST FOR BIO 311c CLASS FINAL EXAM-Fall-2007

REVIEW LIST FOR BIO 311c CLASS FINAL EXAM-Fall-2007 -...

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1 REVIEW LIST FOR BIO 311c INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY FINAL EXAM K. SATHASIVAN Fall 2007 This list helps you get started and organized. You are responsible for all assigned materials. Approximate numbers of questions that may come from these chapters are in parenthesis. This may slightly vary in the actual exam. The old materials may have 33 to 35 Qs and new materials 38 to 40 Qs. CH 1. THE SCIENCE OF BIOLOGY (2 Qs) 1. Name the three domains and four eukaryotic kingdoms. 2. Know the model systems and examples. CH 2. MOLECULES, WATER & ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (3 Qs) 1. Define covalent bonds (polar, non-polar), ionic bonds, H bonds, van Der Waals interactions and hydrophobic interactions. 2. What are acids, bases and buffers? Know the pH range for acids and bases. 3. What are the various functional groups, their properties and their importance? 4. Remember the examples of biological molecules and their functional groups. CH 3. BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES (5 Qs) 1. Define monomers, polymers and macromolecules. Know examples in each group. Know what atoms and functional groups are present in each group. 2. What reactions happen in condensation synthesis and hydrolysis? Remember water is formed in synthesis and used in hydrolysis. 3. How are the carbohydrates classified? Know specific examples. 4. What are the three different kinds of lipids, examples and their functions? 5. What are the structural and functional differences between saturated and unsaturated fats? 6. What is an amino acid and how is a peptide bond formed? 7. What are the 4 different levels of protein structures? Know the bonds that stabilize them. 8. What are nucleosides, nucleotides, NTPs and dNTPs? 9. List the purines and pyrimidines and how they make H-bonds. 10. What are the differences between DNA and RNA? CH 4. CELLULAR ORGANIZATION (5 Qs) 1. What are the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; and plant and animal cells? 2. Be able to analyze given information in Table or Figure formats and use them to answer questions.
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