Economic systems - CH8 Book NOTES Economic systems How do...

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  CH8 Book NOTES Economic systems How do Anthropologists study economic systems? Look at means by which goods are produced, distributed and consumed in the context of total culture of particular societies. In non-state societies the economic sphere of behavior is not separate from the social, religious, and political spheres. How do different societies organize their Economic resources and labor? In small scale nonindustrial societies, land and other valuable resources are usually controlled by groups of relatives, and individual ownership is rare. Division of labor is by age and gender with some craft specialization. Production takes place in the quantity and at the time required. Most goods are consumed by the group that produces them. In large scale industrial and post-industrial societies where there is much more complex division of labor, individuals or business corporations own property, producers and consumers know each other, and transactions take place by means of money.
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