Murphy pgs. 783-804 -Hitler (H) now proceeded without having to worry about US interference. -in 1938 he seized Austria demanding the Sudetenland. -Roosevelt (R) carefully kept the US aloof from the decision to surrender the Sudetenland in the hopes of appeasing Hitler’s demand for land. The president gave his tacit approval of the policy of appeasement -6 months after meeting at Munich, Hitler violated his promises by seizing nearly all of Czechoslovakia. -in the US R permitted the State Dept. to press for neutrality revision. _however he was met with stubborn resistance from isolationists. -IN July 1939 R finally abandoned his aloof position and met with senate leaders to plead for reconsideration. -ON September 1, 1939 Hitler began WWII by invading Poland. -The Nazi-Soviet Pact enabled Germany to avoid a tow front war and Russia was awarded a chunk of Poland. -R proclaimed American neutrality -Americans displayed sympathy for the Allies and R moved slowly towards war in fear of isolationist criticism -R called Congress into special session and he wanted to repeal the arms embargo in order to supply weapons to England and France. Instead he asked Congress to replace the arms embargo with cash and carry regulations. Belligerents would be able to purchase war supplies in the US and would pay cash and transport it on their own ships. -Congress passed the revised neutrality policy by heavy margins in early November 1939. -Germans used tanks, armoured columns, and dive-bombers in close coordination. -Hitler had achieved in 6 weeks that Germany had failed to do in 4 years of fighting in WWI. -If England fell Hitler would be in control of the British navy. The Atlantic would no longer be a barrier instead it would be a highway for German penetration of the New World. -R responded by invoking a policy of all-out aid to the Allies. -FDR announced the transfer of 50 old destroyers to England in exchange for rights to build air and naval bases on eight British possessions in the Western Hemisphere. -FDR called the destroyers for bases deal one of the most important actions in the reinforcement of our national defense… -Isolationists cried out against the departure of neutrality -A group of R’s opponents in the Midwest formed the America First Committee to protest the drift towards war. Lindbergh, Taft, Thomas and Hutchins condemned FDR for involving the US in the war. -Opponents of isolationists organized the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Eastern Anglophiles, moderate New Dealers, and liberal Republicans made up the bulk of membership. -Also known as the White Committee; advocated unlimited assistance to England -American people gradually agreed with the interventionists -Congress approved increasing the budget from 2 Billion to 20 billion during 1940 -Roosevelt asked for a peacetime draft.
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- Fall '14
- World War II, japan, -The Cold War