C39 Ch 14.docx - Chapter 14 – Sexual Offenders - 58/100,00...

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Chapter 14 – Sexual Offenders- 58/100,00 in 2014; 3% decrease from 2013- unable to provide consent to sexual activity as a result of drugs, intoxication, or having beenmanipulated or forced in ways other than physically accounted for9%of the sexual assaults- sexual touching accounted for 71% and forced sexual activity accounted for 20%- 13/10,000 in children; 6% increase- assaults among the Aboriginal population was more than double 115 vs 35/ 1,000- 56% of incidences involving sexual assault, the victim previously knew their attacker- majority of victims do not report the crime to the police; 95%- Adult victims don’t report: the matter is not important enough, fear revenge, believe policecan’t find the offender, do not want to get the offender in trouble, , fear shame or dishonor tofamily, they feel the matter is too personal and do not want others to know, or they simply do notwant to involve the police and deal with the hassle of the court processChild victims don’t report - fearful of what happens to them, don’t think they will be believed,believe they are to blame, unaware the act was unacceptable- 1/20 of US child population; 1/5 women- 17% for females and 8% for males in one side;- 20.7% of men and 27.5% of women reported being the recipient of unwanted sexual contact- High victim rates were reported, with rapists having on average 7 victims, female-victim childmolesters having 20 victims, and male-victim child molesters averaging 150 victims- under-report the number of individuals they have victimized- Child molesters tend to report having an average of 88 victims once in treatment- rapists have been found to report six times as many victims as had been recorded in officialrecords when kept anonymousSexual assault became defined as any nonconsensual sexual act by either a male or femaleperson to either a male or female person, regardless of the relationship between the peopleinvolved- simple sexual assault (maximum sentence: 10 years), sexual assault with a weapon or causingbodily harm (maximum sentence: 14 years), and aggravated sexual assault (maximum sentence:life imprisonment)- child victims of sexual abuse develop a wide range of short- and longterm problems- Adult victims of rape report high levels of stress and fear that disrupts social, sexual, andoccupational functioning; high levels of anxiety and depression- 30% of rape victims contract sexually transmitted diseases; 5% pregnancyRape trauma syndrome: A group of symptoms or behaviours that are frequent after-effects ofhaving been raped- acute crisis phase: few days to several weeks; severe symptoms including high levels of fear,anxiety, and depression; engage in self-blame; Heightened levels of distrust and self-doubt
- After, long-term reactions phase: few months to several years; ¼ of women do not fullyrecover; development of phobias (fear of left along leaving house), development of sexualproblems and depression- chronic physical health symptoms (e.g., back pain, muscle tension, headaches, sleep problems)post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): voidance of stimuli, reoccurring distressing memories, a

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Term
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Tags
Human Sexuality, assault, Human sexual behavior, child sexual abuse, aggravated sexual assault

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