BELIEVING IS SEEING CHP 3 NOTES - painting Painting and...

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Chp 3 - The Term “Art” Art (since the beginning of the 18 th century) : an original creation produced by an individual gifted with genius. The creation is primarily an object of aesthetic beauty, separate from everyday life. Not solely propaganda, not a religious nor sacred object, neither magic nor craft, this thin called art did not exist before the modern era. Something not learned but created. One does not decide to become an artist and then learn how to do so. Artists in modernity are born. -Ancient Greece: applied to all kinds of human endeavor and seen to be a form of knowledge or craft in which there were rules and skills to be learned. - Middle Ages: creating the objects we now appreciate as art was considered a skill that could be mastered. The art of shoemaking, cooking, juggling, grammar, sculpture, and
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Unformatted text preview: painting. Painting and sculpture was subdivisions of mechanical art of construction.- Renaissance: said painting should no longer be a mechanical art, but one of the liberal arts which includes grammar, rhetoric, astronomy, music, etc- Baldassare Castiglione wrote The Courtier about the pursuits appropriate for the Renaissance man. Said painting, poetry, fencing etc were valid activities. - Find art was consolidated in late 17 th century France. Abbe Batteus published The beaus Arts Reduced to one Principle: fine arts were music, poetry, painting, sculpture, and dance. - 1880 the word ART (without beaux in front of it) was found in an English Dictionary: the skillful production of the beautiful in visual forms....
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