IntroductionOn October 19, 1895, Lewis Mumford was born in Flushing, N.Y., U.S., and he died on January26, 1990, in Amenia, N.Y. Mumford was an American architectural critic, an urban planner, and ahistorian who analyzed how human societies are affected by technology and urbanization(Mumford, 1956).Mumford has studied in the City College of New York and also at the New School for SocialResearch. Patrick Geddes, who is considered among the pioneers of modern urban planning,greatly influenced his writing. His writings were an insightful historical account of Americanarchitecture. Mumford criticized the dehumanizing tendencies of this modern technologicalsociety and the need to harmonize it with humanistic goals and aspirations. Mumford's keyworks were a historical study of the City's role in human civilization. He also taught and heldvarious research positions. He also received theU.S. Medal of Freedom in 1964 and decorated Knight of the Order of the British Empire in thesame year of 1943 (Mumford, 1956).