Journal 1.docx - Lewis Mumford is an American architectural...

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Lewis Mumford is an American architectural critic who analyzed the effects of technology and urbanization on human societies throughout history. The stages of growth and development of cities, according to the vision of the sociologist and the American philosopher of technology, Lewis Mumford. Eopolis stage: This stage represent in a group of people who live in the countryside, participate in fishing, and learned slowly, until they became producers; this led to stability and thus the growth and development of the village. Polis stage. The number of developed villages increased at this stage, and the settlements developed slowly. There was also an improvement in the living conditions of the human groups as a result of the commercial exchange with neighboring villages. Social and class differences began to emerge. Metropolis stage : A new urbanization is taking place, and a central area of villages is emerging as a single entity called the city, where the city has many advantages, attracting people and encouraging them to settle there.
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Unformatted text preview:Megalopolis stage: The cultures vary at this stage because of migration from all places, and there are many changing in it, such as increasing apathy among people and the emergence of class struggle, and thus the city will begin to decline and fall. Tyrannopolis stage: The apathy develops at this stage. Social and economic form becomes a parasitic state slowly, and the city's environment deteriorates, leading to people fleeing to the countryside. Necropolis stage: Civilization is falling at this stage, cultural institutions are shrinking and the city is being destroyed because of wars, famines and disease. References: ( Lewis Mumfords Ideas on the City. (n.d.). Retrieved from ) ( Explore Encyclopedia Britannica. (n.d.). Retrieved from - Mumford ) ( The Natural History of Urbanization. (n.d.). Retrieved from )