Cams 20 ch7-11 - Chapter 7 With death of Amenemhet III we saw the decline of the middle kingdom and 12 th Dynasty o Son Amenemhet IV lasted no more

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 - With death of Amenemhet III, we saw the decline of the middle kingdom and 12 th Dynasty o Son Amenemhet IV lasted no more than a decade before being succeeded by his sister Sobekneferu Her husband? Sobekhotpe I would be the first 13 th Dynasty ruler - Western Asia o Ur Empire was prospering in Mesopotamia starting around 2050BC, but by the middle of the 20 th century it began to disintegrate: The Amorites began to emerge from their original homeland in Mount Bishri in Syria Language was West Semitic o Development of the battering ram and siege tower improved warfare for the Amorites o Within a decade of 1670BC Egypt fell to invasion and occupation by West Semitic HYKSOS (108 years rule) Hyksos stands for foreign rulers AVARIS (Tel ed-Dab’a) was their capital o With Hyksos rule the 13 th Dynasty basically disappeared, the original capital Itj-towy ceased to be the capital o Hyksos brought Caimanite religion: Ba’al- name in west Semitic means lord/ master Ba’al=Seth (stormy warrior god) Anath- female consort of Ba’al Chapter 8 Seventeenth Dynasty o (1586BC)- Ta’o family rebels against APOPHIS (Hyksos Ruler) Dispute over different gods of worship? (Amun and Seth) King SEQNENRE TA’O I is the founder of the 17 th Dynasty responsible for initiating the rebellion o War continued for about a decade and a peace treaty was drawn up But new Theban ruler (Seqnenre’s eldest son KAMOSE) was not satisfied and attacked the Hyksos unexpectedly Drove the Hyksos north of delta and also attempted to take Hyksos capital- AVARIS as well Kamose had no success and retreated the idea of Avaris 18 th Dynasty o Looked back to Middle kingdom/12 th dynasty o Kamose was followed by youngest brother AHMOSE Watched Kamose’s mistakes and pressed the Hyksos harder= by 1560 he had gained the land to the Delta and was closing in on Avaris After four attempts Kamose was SUCCESSFUL! = HYKSOS EXPULSION (1550 BC) 2 nd Intermediate Pd BEGINS! Took a lengthy campaign to clean up the mess but by 1553 BC, Egypt was FREE of the hated foreign dynasty. Wife was Ahmose-Nefertari - Son and successor: Amenhotep I o New region of political concern: Palestine and Syria: Egyptians new the Amorite kingdoms that were in the Levant were thriving o Indo Europeans 1520BC THUTMOSE I moves his capital from THEBES TO MEMPHIS and prepared army - Thutmose I married princess Ahmose, daughter of Amenophis I
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Hittites emerge in Khatte Mittani emerge in Khanigalbat - Mittani and Hittites would clash Canaan (Phoenicia, North Syria) - Original Hyksos frontier o *Egyptians began war with Hittite in honest attempt to liberate their land* o Thutmose III was son of Thutmose II Faced a coup de etat, when an oracle claimed that a message delivered by the god Amun himself said that HATSHEPSUT (wife of Thutmose II and daughter of Thutmose I) Hatshepsut declared herself king of Egypt - Pwenet/ Punt- East African Land that she is known to have traded with (earliest
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course CAMS 020 taught by Professor Matthewadams during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 6

Cams 20 ch7-11 - Chapter 7 With death of Amenemhet III we saw the decline of the middle kingdom and 12 th Dynasty o Son Amenemhet IV lasted no more

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online