1Lecture Notes for Western Imperialism of Latin America, Africa, and Asia Suggested Books: Adam Hochschild’s, King Leopold’s Ghost, a story of greed, terror and heroism in colonial AfricaRonald Robinson, et al Africa and the Victorians, the climax of imperialismThere are several books on European explorer/traders such as Stanley and Livingstone and the Exploration of Africa in World Historyby Richard WorthLawrence James’, The Rise and Fall of the British Empire(Fiction) Ernest Hemingway’s, Green Hills of Africa(Fiction) Joseph Conrad’s, Heart of Darkness(Autobiographical) Isak Dinesen’s, Out of AfricaSuggested Films: Stanley and Livingstonewith Spencer Tracy (1939; re-release, 1990) The Ghost and the Darknesswith Michael Douglas and Val Kilmer (1998) And Starring Pancho Villa as Himselfwith Antonio Banderas (2003) Introduction Slide 2 In 1877 the young British Empire builder Cecil Rhodes drew up his last will and testament. He left his fortune achieved as a diamond magnate in South Africa to tow of his closest friends. He instructed them to use the inheritance to form a secret society with the aim of bringing about “the extension of British rule throughout the world, promoting and perfecting emigration from the U.K. and to encourage colonization of the whole of Africa, the continent of America and the Middle East”. This way, the balance of world power would be British in manner, behavior, practices and policies and would replace the tragic loss of the United States as an integral part of the British Empire. This process, according to Rhodes’ will, rendered wars impossible and promoted “the best interests for humanity”. While these ideas are far fetched today, for their time they serve as a graphic reminder of the world view and the character of imperial empires. Many of Rhodes’ contemporaries went into the jungles of Africa and Asia to Christianize the heathen and promote trade while keeping the peace and extracting raw materials needed or desired by wealthy European and US industrialists. Through these 19C interests, western colonization and imperialism spread across much of the non-western world during the 19thand 20thC. Industrial nations like Germany, France, Britain, Belgium along with Russia, Japan and the United States expanded their territories around the world keeping or making imperial peace which contributed to a
has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.