Challenges from the West in the 19th Century.docx - 1...

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Challenges from the West in the 19 th Century Zachary Marquez College Name, Grand Canyon University HIS-350: Survey of Asian Empires Erin Morris 6/27/21 1
Introduction The different responses from China and Japan when it came to the challenges, they faced in the 19 th century depended on who the challenges came from. China at the time was facing challenges from the European countries with their views they were pushing on the Chinese. While at the same time, Japan was getting pressure from American with they believed Japan should be doing. There were many challenges for both countries from the western worlds and it was about the western worlds pushing ideas and religion on them to have a better control. The thing to think about is the respond China and Japan came up with to refuse their beliefs and support. Something can be said by Yan Fu in his essay was, “The Westerners are struggling in the present in order to supersede the past.”[ CITATION Yan79 \l 1033 ] They are trying to replace the past with what they are doing in the present by spreading their beliefs and other ideas into these countries. Background of China and Japan The background in China during the nineteenth century was based on the Chinese tradition on Confucianism. This was their belief and culture as a country and the concept was the Celestial Empire of China and the Tributary System. In Yang Zewei’s article, Western International Law and China’s Confucianism in the 19 th Century. Collision and Integration, it Mentions the culture China was creating with the neighboring states and was the leader in cultural development. “Therefore, generally speaking, the neighboring states had long been under the influence of Chinese Culture.”[ CITATION Zew11 \l 1033 ] It was never known for China to changed by the influence of foreign states. They have always been the more developed country in the world which can be said to why other countries such as the European countries wanted to make 2
some changes and control them. With a background knowledge of China there is the Japan and

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