Notes 2-7 - affiliation Interest Groups • Interest groups...

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American Politics Notes: February 7 th , 2008 Political Parties Political parties are vehicles who want to run the country. To be successful, parties have to have three components: 1) Party in the electorate: people who identify with or are registered with a political party. They normally vote in the primaries and they normally support their party’s candidates in the general election. 2) Electoral party: local, state, and national party officials, staff members, regular contributors, and regular campaigners. These are the diehards, unsung heroes, life bloods of political parties. They are committed to their party. 3) The party in office: This is what separates the Democrats and the Republicans from the rest of the United States. It involves people who are elected or appointed to office based upon their political
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Unformatted text preview: affiliation. Interest Groups • Interest groups can be defined as organizations that seek to influence public policy without the responsibility of running the government. They are interested in policy, not political parties (National Rifle Association, American Bar Association, & American Association of Retired People). • Interest groups can be divided two different ways: 1) PAC (Political Action Committee): a group organized to raise funds for candidates and causes with the expectation of a direct benefit from their contribution. There is no guarantee. 2) Public Interest group: a group organized to raise funds for candidates and causes without the expectation of a direct benefit for the contribution (Environmental groups want pro-environment legislation passed, but the benefit is not direct)....
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