Unformatted text preview: IV. Functions of carbohydrates A. Source of energy B. Structure framework of DNA and RNA C. Structure elements of plant and bacterial cell walls D. Modifiers of proteins and lipids V. Sugars are polyhydroxyl aldehydes or ketones with 3 or more carbons VI. Basic stereochemistry—most sugars in living cells are D-form VII. Monosaccharides A. A simple sugar with 3C (triose)—glyceraldehydes B. Hexoses (eg. Glucose) 1. Basic structure (linear form) 2. Ring form—alpha and beta configuration at C1 VIII. Disaccharides A. sucrose: glucose + fructose B. Lactose: glucose + galactose IX. Polysaccharides A. Glycogen and starch B. Cellulose C. Importance of bond configuration between monomers D. Hydrolysis of polysaccharides Handout #4...
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- Spring '14
- Glucose, Carbohydrate, bacterial cell walls, carboxylic acid scheme, Basic stereochemistry—most sugars, C. Structure elements