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Unformatted text preview: [8 ª ª* ] Threats to Child Health- Dia rrhoea and Obesity Global Forum for Health Research held in Cairo 2006 was introduced in Press and participants of this forum discussed the two global issues, Diarrhoea and Obesity, as a matter of global child health. Not only these two issues made participants in this forum surprised, but also encouraged people in the world who work for global medicine and child health to find solutions for those global epidemics. Child “diarrhoea” and “obesity” are different kinds of diseases and they are caused by contrasting backgrounds. According to the Unicef definition, Diarrhoea is “A disease caused by germs that are swallowed, especially germs from faeces …this happens most often where there is unsafe disposal of faeces, poor hygiene practices or a lack of clean drinking water, or when infants are not breastfed.” Child diarrhoea is known as a disease that kills over 1 million children every year through dehydration and malnutrition. On the other hand, “obesity”, as introduced in Press, is a disease caused by over- nourishment and a lack of physical activity. Actually, “obesity” is not found in developing countries or in populations which have low GDP. In this forum, “Diarrhoea” was estimated by under-five mortality rates, or U5MR, as an indication for child health condition in each country. Generally, poor people and developing countries have many numbers of children with “diarrhea”, while rich people and industrialized countries have more children with 1 [¸¥ ª* ] “obesity.” As a matter of global child health, different kinds of agenda settings can be discussed here to explain those epidemics: agenda settings in international organizations and those in economic politics. Moreover, these child epidemics contain two main problems: “ironies of inequality in health care” and “disparities of resource between the rich and the poor.” As a beginning, it is important to understand those diseases as a matter of global concern and how international organizations influenced them. First of all, UNICEF is a crucial international organization to understand global child health. As discussed in the forum, a diarrhoeal mortality is related to health care system, GDP, immunization coverage, access to water and sanitation of a country. Poor, rural, and developing countries were significantly different from industrialized, highly developed...
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course D SOC 101 taught by Professor Hirschl,t. during the Fall '06 term at Cornell.
- Fall '06