outline chapter 5 for psych

outline chapter 5 for psych - Chapter 5 The nature of...

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Chapter 5 The nature of anxiety disorders Anxiety disorders- are incapacitated by chronic and intense feelings of anxiety, feelings so strong that they are unable to function on a day to day basis. o Anxiety Disorders affect 19% of Americans every year The characteristics of Anxiety Disorders someone may try to avoid situations become wound up cannot think straight become embarrassed nervous The difference between Fear and Anxiety Fear- refers to an innate, almost biologically based alarm response to a dangerous or life threatening situation. Anxiety- by the contrast is more future-oriented and global, referring to the state in which an individual is inordinately apprehensive, tense, and uneasy about the prospect of something terrible happening. o Clinical concern- when it reaches such an intense level that it interferes with the ability to function in daily life. PANIC DISORDERS Panic Disorders- periods of intense fear and physical discomfort, in which they feel overwhelmed and terrified by a range of bodily sensations that causes them to feel they are loosing control. o Attacks are sudden and reach a peak in ten minutes o Shortness of breathe, feeling of being smothered, hyperventilation, or unsteadiness, chocking, heart palpations, trembling, sweating, stomach distress, feelings of unreality, they have an overwhelming urge to escape the situation. o Unexpected (uncued) Panic Attack Feels an overwhelming urge to escape Must arise out of the blue in order to be diagnosed o Situational bound (cued) panic attack Anticipation of confronting a particular situation or immediately following exposure to a specific stimulus or cue in environment Ex: hearing an ambulance triggers symptoms of having a panic attack, o Situational predisposed panic attack o Tendency to have a panic attack in the situation, but does not have one every time. Ex: has a panic attack occasionally when riding the subway, but this does not happen every time.
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Must consider the possibility that the person could have a medical condition causing these panic attacks 15% of Americans have experienced more than one panic attack Diagnosis of a panic attack is only about 1.4-2.9% in the world. AGORAPHOBIA- characteristics and symptoms Uncommon in the general public. Coming in clinical settings o 10% of people in mental health consultations have it o 60% of people seen in cardiology clinics meet the criteria for panic disorder. most people develop agoraphobia around age 20 or mid 30s Women are approximately twice as likely to be diagnosed with the disorder. If left untreated… o Some occur periodically between months or years. Then suddenly an attack occurs. o
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outline chapter 5 for psych - Chapter 5 The nature of...

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