A disorder with a range of symptoms involving disturbances in content of
thought, form of thought, perception, affect, sense of self, motivation, behavior,
and interpersonal functioning.
Phases of Schizophrenia
Active Phase- when symptoms are active, such as delusions, hallucinations,
disorganized speech, disturbed behavior, and negative symptoms.
Prodromal Phase- a period prior to the active phase during which the individual
shows progressive deterioration in social and interpersonal functioning. Social
withdrawal, inability to work productively, poor grooming, and inappropriate
emotionality are some symptoms seen in this phase.
Residual Phase- usually follows the active phase. In this phase there are
continuing indications similar to the behaviors of the prodromal phase.
Positive Symptoms- exaggerations or distortions of normal thoughts, emotions,
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Delusions- deeply entrenched false beliefs. Delusions can take many forms (i.e.
person believes they are being followed, trying to be killed, etc.)
Hallucinations- false perceptions involving one of the five senses. They are not
under voluntary control.
Disorganized Speech- may be hard to follow a conversation, some people stop
talking altogether for days.
Disturbed Behavior- may move in odd and disturbing ways. May become
Negative Symptoms- functioning below the level of behavior regarded as normal.
Affective flattening- individual seems unresponsive with relatively
motionless body language and facial reactions and little to no eye contact.
Alogia- loss of words or notable lack of spontaneity or responsiveness in
Avolition- lack of initiative and unwillingness to act.
Anhedonia- a loss of interest in or ability to experience pleasure from
activities that most people find appealing.
Social and Occupational Dysfunction- hard to function around others because of
their bizarre behavior. People have a hard time understanding there problems.
Types of Schizophrenia
Catatonic type- when the prominent symptom in a person is bizarre motor
Disorganized type- characterized by a combination of symptoms, including
disorganized speech, disturbed behavior, and flat or inappropriate affect. Person’s
delusions or hallucinations lack an apparent theme. Noticeably odd and usually
have serious impairment in work and other social contexts.
Paranoid type- preoccupied with one or more bizarre delusions or have auditory
hallucinations related to a theme of being persecuted or harassed, but without
disorganized speech or disturbed behavior. Have tremendous interpersonal