Atherosclerosis%20FA07%20-1

Atherosclerosis FA - Assignment Scores Av = 73/75 stdev = 2.3 Total Score so far Av = 187/225 stdev = 17.7 Class high = 215.5(3 100 = 215 What does

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Assignment Scores Av = 73/75, stdev = 2.3 Total Score so far Av = 187/225, stdev = 17.7 Class high = 215.5 (3) 100% = 215
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What does it mean if you have. . Unyielding fatigue Shortness of breath Nausea or indigestion Back or abdominal pain An odd unwell feeling
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What does it mean if you have….? Pain or pressure in the chest, or arms (most commonly in the left side) Lower jaw, neck or shoulder pain: Esp. women Shortness of breath Weakness Rapid heart beat, irregular heart beat Lightheadedness or faintness: Esp. women Profuse sweating Nausea or vomiting: Esp. women
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Heart Attack or Myocardial Infarction
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Types of cardiovascular disease Cardiovascular disease Coronary heart disease Strokes Deep vein thrombosis (& pulmonary embolism): Thrombus = clot, embolism = blockage due to circulating object, usually a clot Aneurysm Congenital heart disease Valve disease Inadequate pumping Cardiomyopathy Viral myocarditis Heart rhythm disorders
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Coronary Heart Disease Symptoms take years to develop Plaque build-up can begin in childhood All plaques do not lead to heart attacks Early stages of plaque formation can be reversed (partially) or progression halted This is an oversimplification
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Atherosclerosis (Athero=paste + sclerosis= hardness) Result: Heart attack, stroke, gangrene Atherostenosis (Narrowing of blood vessels)
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To have a heart attack you need. . Innate factors : condition of heart and main arteries Dietary factors : to provide materials for the plaque Injury factors : to initiate the plaque formation Lifestyle factors : To override normal defense mechanisms or to promote rapid plaque development Trigger factors : to set off the end result – stroke or heart attack
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Dietary factors High dietary cholesterol High dietary saturated fat Insufficient essential fatty acids Trans fatty acids RESULTS IN: High LDL Low HDL Combination high LDL and low HDL is worse than either effect alone
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HOW?
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course BIBC 120 taught by Professor Crawford during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Atherosclerosis FA - Assignment Scores Av = 73/75 stdev = 2.3 Total Score so far Av = 187/225 stdev = 17.7 Class high = 215.5(3 100 = 215 What does

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