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bio121 - Metabolism(catabolic and anabolic • Enzymes and...

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WHAT YOU SHOULD STUDY/KNOW FOR THE BIO 20 FINAL Life = Equilibrium = Steady State….what defines life? Protein structure Cells/Membranes DNA structure and why DNA (RNA vs. DNA vs. proteins)? Replication, Repair, Transcription, Translation Gene regulation Cell signaling and signal transduction Cell cycle and mitosis Development – proliferation, differentiation, fertilization, cleavage, maternal determinants and symmetry, gastrulation, fate determination, organogenesis Maternal determinants to homeotic genes (segmentation) Meiosis Mendel’s experiments and genetics Pedigrees and linkage of genes Darwin, Lamarck, and Evolution (how do we know?) Hardy-Weinberg eqn and modes of selection (directional, stabilizing, disruptive) Allopatric and sympatric speciation (polyploidy) Linnaeus and taxonomy and phylogenetics
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Unformatted text preview: Metabolism (catabolic and anabolic) • Enzymes and coupling • Respiration and glycolysis • Krebs and OxPhos • Photosynthesis and the Calvin Cycle • Homeostasis • Signaling, Hormones, Endocrine vs. Nervous • Neurons and membrane potential, synapses • Sensory response (chemo, mechano, visual) • Motor function and muscle contraction • Species differences and history • Population, Structure, Survivorship, Dynamics (age distribution) • Pop growth (exponential, logistic)/ factors and density • Behavioral ecology • Community vs. population ecology • Species interactions (commensalisms, predation, competition, mutualism) • Predation, parasitism, herbivory, competition (effects on pop) • Diversity and equilibrium models • Ecosystem ecology – energy flow, nitrogen cycle, carbon cycle...
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