The Invention of Christendom

The Invention of Christendom - 10/25/07 Names, Terms, Dates...

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10/25/07 Names, Terms, Dates Schism: Rome-Constantinople 1054 Battle of Manzikert 1071 (Seljuk Turks) Council of Clermont, 1095 (Urban II) Peace of God Movement Bernard of Clairvaux 1090-1153 Outline Augustine’s City Territorialized 1. Use of the word Christendom 2. European Expansion as Crusade 3. Byzantium and the West Warfare and the Peace of God 1. Peace assemblies 2. The power of Relics 3. Marauders into knights The Crusades 1. Urban at Clermont 2. Two routes to Jerusalem: state building and messianism 3. The Spanish Reconquista Augustine’s City Territorialized 1. Use of the word Christendom a. First used when Rome was falling to Muslims in 9 th cent by pope (fake word: Christianitas) b. Gregory VII used it to describe all territory where Christianity ever was 2. European expansion as crusade a. Wars justified as holy war, planting the cross, extending boundaries of Christendom b. Raids into Spain characterized as spiritual rebirth c. Invasion of Tunisia in 1087 armed pilgrimage
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Hughes during the Fall '07 term at University of Michigan.

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The Invention of Christendom - 10/25/07 Names, Terms, Dates...

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