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Unformatted text preview: one, being transcendent, should have control over the earthly. There was then Marsiglio of Paduas Defensor Pacis which laid some fairly revolutionary suggestions as to the churchs scope of power. The Defensor Pacis claimed, contrary to the Unam Sanctam, that the state should be in control of the church. The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges and Petrarchs letter then attacked directly the Avignonese papacy. This certainly seems to be the first time since the religion was outlawed when one hears such outspoken criticism of Christian authority. It could merely be due to the state government wanting to control the church, but Petrarch and Marsiglio of Padua are both scholars, and would have no reason to have a political agenda. One can only assume, then, that the newly intellectual west was becoming concerned with the level of power their religion had over them....
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- Fall '07