The Lutheran Reformation - i Committed to textual...

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11/27/07 Names, Terms, Dates Martin Luther, 1483-1540 95 Theses, Wittenberg, Oct. 31, 1517 Diet of Worms, 1521 Lorenzo Valla, c1407-1457 Donation of Constantine, forged 8th c. Leo X, 1513-1521 Erasmus of Rotterdam, c. 1466-1536 Outline Wittenberg 1517: resonances 1. Medieval heresies 2. Scholastic interrogation 3. Humanistic enquiry Indulgences and Papal Authority 1. Tetzel, Leo X, and the rebuilding of papal Rome 2. The Donation of Constantine The Issue of Translation 1. Erasmus the new Jerome 2. Luther and the vernacular bible Wittenberg 1517: resonances 1. Medieval heresies a. 13 th century, Pope Innocent III throws down b. Waldensians 2. Scholastic interrogation a. Even theological matters must be examined rationally b. 95 Theses tried and true method for scholastic debate 3. Humanistic enquiry a. This is new in the 16 th century b. University of Wittenberg, est. 1502 by Fred III the Wise, taught three foundational languages (classical Latin, Greek, and Hebrew)
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Unformatted text preview: i. Committed to textual scholarship based on grammar and rhetoric Indulgences and Papal Authority 1. Tetzel, Leo X, and the rebuilding of papal Rome a. Popes needed power of the purse, did so through jubilees, indulgences, etc. b. Leo X, a Florentine, wanted to create Renaissance in Rome like in Florence 2. The Donation of Constantine a. In 1440, Lorenzo Valla demonstrated it couldn’t have been written in 4 th century b. Popes ain’t gonna take that shit The Issue of Translation 1. Erasmus the new Jerome a. Humanist who applied linguistic skills to biblical scholarship b. Questioned Jerome’s translations based on comparison of many texts c. In 1516, his Greek version of the New Testament is published i. Latin Bible: poenitentia (agite poenitentiam, do penance); Greek Bible: metanoia (metanoiete, change your heart) 2. Luther and the vernacular Bible...
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