The Making of Europe

The Making of Europe - 10/9/07 Names, Terms, Dates Dhimmi...

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10/9/07 Names, Terms, Dates Dhimmi (Pact of Umar) al Ma’mun, caliph 813-33 Mozarab Pope Gregory III, 731-41, appeal to Charles Martel, 739 Merovingian/Carolingian mayors of palace Pepin 751-768: papal decision for de facto rule; donation papal states Outline East and West in the eighth century Rulers and ruled Languages and Cultures Europe as a state of economics, politics, and religion The Pirenne thesis and its critics Papal-Frankish Alliance The Coronation of Charlemagne 800 East and West in the Eighth Century Rulers represent minority ruling a large population. o Arabs, Germans, etc. Dhimmi creates protection agreement between Muslims and conquered Christians/Jews. o Pact of Umar: Caliph Umar creates limits such as no public worship, no extending of religious institutions, etc. Caliphs sponsored translation programs to let knowledge of conquered peoples integrate into Arab culture. o
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The Making of Europe - 10/9/07 Names, Terms, Dates Dhimmi...

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