The Rise of Islam - Martel o Made a big deal by Christians...

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10/2/07 Names and Terms Justinian 527-65 Heraclius 610-641 Umma: Constitution of Medina c. 622 Quran – sura Palimpsest Qibla Dhimmi (Pact of Umar I, 7th c?) Ummayad Caliphate (Damascus) 661-750 Abbassid Caliphate (Baghdad) 750- Outline The Muslim Conquest Extent Nature Islam, the Prophet, and the Quran The New Religion Construction of the prophet Historicity of the texts The Caliphate Nature of the State Religious communities The Muslim Conquest Arabs, inspired by Islam, started conquering shit. o Constantinople held under siege, defended by Greek fire. Umayyad Caliphs took over Spain, deposed Visigoths. Considered invading Frankish kingdom through Pyrénées, stopped by Charles
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Unformatted text preview: Martel. o Made a big deal by Christians, but maybe not really (Arabs kept raiding). • Byzantines were left somewhat weak by raids. o Constantinople asserted authority under Justinian, which was challenged. Islam, the Prophet, and the Quran • Social organization of Arabs is tribal; no centralization. • The Constitution of Medina (Umma) offered by Muhammad to stop intertribal fighting. o United by faith in monotheistic god and faith in community. • In Islam, God is reincarnated only through the word, not the flesh. • Since Quran is direct word of God, there is no need for textual scholarship. The Caliphate •...
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