Unformatted text preview: Martel. o Made a big deal by Christians, but maybe not really (Arabs kept raiding). • Byzantines were left somewhat weak by raids. o Constantinople asserted authority under Justinian, which was challenged. Islam, the Prophet, and the Quran • Social organization of Arabs is tribal; no centralization. • The Constitution of Medina (Umma) offered by Muhammad to stop intertribal fighting. o United by faith in monotheistic god and faith in community. • In Islam, God is reincarnated only through the word, not the flesh. • Since Quran is direct word of God, there is no need for textual scholarship. The Caliphate •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Hughes during the Fall '07 term at University of Michigan.
- Fall '07