3-20-08 - HISTORY 211 The Papal Meteor 3/20/08 Terms...

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HISTORY 211 The Papal Meteor 3/20/08 Terms William of Ockham, OFM o Extreme nominalist (Dominican) o Rejected universalism (Franciscan) Thomas Aquinas, OP (+1274) o Ended up rejecting idea that faith is rational toward the end of his life Summa Theologiae o Used Aristotelian logic to make Christianity rational “Condemnations of 1277” o Bishop of Paris realized that a lot of the Summa Theologiae is heretical o People still used and loved it The Philosopher Bonaventure o Shows how Franciscan and Dominican views are different “Beatific Vision” o Irrational, out-of-body moment when you finally understand everything Journey of the Soul to God o Bonaventure’s book o Says that God transcends human faculties, can’t be figured out Scholasticism o Method of analysis developed in 13 th century by university mendicants o Can be applied to all disciplines Quaestio Method o Essence of scholasticism o Isolate question, consider all possible solutions, decide which one is most plausible Aristotle’s Politics o Government is natural (“Man is a political animal”) o Corroded idea of papal monarchies because government perhaps not because people are bad Innocent III (+1216) o Elected in 1194 as a very young man
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3-20-08 - HISTORY 211 The Papal Meteor 3/20/08 Terms...

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