Voices from Below - a. The majority of Christendom was not...

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11/8/07 Names, Terms, Dates Dante Alighieri 1265-1321 Alfonso X el Sabio (the Wise/Learned) King of Castile 1252-1284 Los Siete Partidas (The Seven Divisions) Magna Carta, 1215 (Habeas Corpus) Provisions of Oxford 1258 Richard II of England, deposed 1399 Hildegard of Bingen 1098-1179: the Sybil of the Rhine Christine de Pizan 1364-1430 Cathedra Outline Vernacular Languages 1. Latin as an unchanging authority 2. Whom it left out 3. The rise in vernacular writing 4. What let it in 5. Whom it empowered Social and Political Underpinnings 1. From Feudal to Urban politics: Magna Charta to Parliaments 2. The voice of Republican cities 3. Revolts after the Black Death a. Ciompi, Florence, 1378 b. Peasants’ Revolt, England, 1381 Vernacular Languages 1. Latin as an unchanging authority a. All education was in Latin b. Latin language of authority: of past, of state, of church c. Pure, universal, and stable d. Unified western intelligentsia 2. Whom it left out
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Unformatted text preview: a. The majority of Christendom was not Latinate b. Christendom divided into two classes: literate (Latinate) and illiterate (dont read Latin), clerics and laity, rulers and ruled 3. The rise in vernacular writing a. Product of middle ages b. Transformation of what was once oral c. Gregorian church didnt like translation of Bible because it would be corrupted by vernacular tongues 4. What let it in a. Alfonso X ordered all Latin texts be translated to vernacular 5. Whom it empowered a. Helped kings persuade subjects b. Magna Carta limits authority of king to do stuff out of law. No writs of habeus corpus c. Women i. Hildegard of Bingen ii. Christine de Pizan Social and Political Underpinnings 1. From Feudal to Urban politics: Magna Charta to Parliaments 2. The voice of Republican cities 3. Revolts after the Black Death a. Ciompi, Florence, 1378 b. Peasants Revolt, England, 1381...
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Voices from Below - a. The majority of Christendom was not...

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