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Unformatted text preview: o Depends on when and which barbarians • Iconoclastic controversy o Empire still lived (until 1453), but it changed into Byzantine Empire o Monks opposed controversy (political strength) • Islamic conquest most shaped eastern empire by taking away the near east and a bunch of rich cities o Justinian attempts to restore Rome from Constantinople with laws, conquering lands • 800s: what are the similarities between western Germanic kingdoms, Byzantium, and Islam? o Law, nature of the state, shaping of culture, etc. • Why did the pathetic Franks succeed? o Conversion of Clovis used strategically by Clovis and his advisors to add the church to their side • How did the bishop of Rome become pope? o Claims political authority on Italian peninsula o Makes connections with Trinitarian Franks...
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- Fall '07
- Byzantine Empire, Essay Question, shaped eastern empire, Mediterranean world change, western Germanic kingdoms