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1-29-08 - HISTORY 211 Structures of Knowledge Terms Bernard...

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HISTORY 211 Structures of Knowledge 1/29/08 Terms Bernard of Chartres o In 1119, launched series of lectures on Plato’s Timaeus Obviously, contrasting with Christian cosmology o From his point of view, all knowledge derives from God and cannot contradict itself School of Chartres o Tried to fit classic knowledge in with Christianity o Medieval people saw no break between classic times and middle ages Mirabilia of Rome o Things you should see in Rome (guidebook) o Classic monuments placed next to Christian shrines in importance Crucifix o Until 12 th century, crucifixes didn’t include Jesus—didn’t want to portray him as a sufferer o In 12 th century realistic Jesus on the cross becomes popular; appeal to individual believer to empathize, feel Jesus’ pain Facilitates quiet commune with God Pantocrator o Representation of Jesus until 12 th century as severe ruler of everything Henry the Lion o Royal baron of Barbarossa o Represented as an actual lion
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