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KU KLUX KLAN – NOTESZuczek-most feared ban of assassins was the KKK – utilized all weapon at the whites’ disposal with such cold-blooded determination that the organization became the nemesis of republicans, a creature of mythical proportions for conservatives (55)-2 Carolina traditions of creation – localized community oriented, extralegal response to fears and crimes which were seen as a threat to Carolina society ANDestablishment of organizations that were designed to carry out the tasks desired bythe fearful citizens – the slave patrols of the antebellum. Represented extralegal retribution -South Carolina had no prison and few jails and so social control was largely a community matter among whites. -Klan was a symbol of white authority that held the unquestioned power of life or death in racial matters -No statewide organization – local and regional membership -56 – Purpose of KKK activity – enforcing of public morals, ethics and “acceptable” behaviors -56 – organization sought to reassert community values and enforce specific code of ethics and honor -**56 – the Klan was a restoration of a society founded on traditional Southern Values -57 – NOT helpful that the Klan formed in SC in the SPRING of 1868 and the government had barely begun to operate -KKK formed immediately after the failure of the whites to defeat the new state constitution -The rpublicans had many successes such as an efficient network of Union Leagues and an enthusiastic black population. This forced whites to organize -Klan had singular purpose – the destruction of the Republican party -Klan violence represented a continuation of the war against the North -58 – Kill of the leaders of the Rep party and drive them out of the state -The Klan began immediately after the April elections -By summer of 1868 – state Repubs and military officials began to realize that the Klan was a serious threat to law, order and Repub party