2-14-08 - HISTORY 211 Europe's Chosen People 2/14/08 Terms...

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HISTORY 211 Europe’s Chosen People 2/14/08 Terms Krak des Chevaliers o Fortress in central Syria o Sophisticated architectural defense o Purpose of kraks often not for military defense but rather for rule (they are impregnable; no one bothered attacking) o Only one entrance to expose attackers Keep o Central area of a castle Curtain Walls o Perimeters from which defenders can fall if the attacker penetrates St. Peter’s (Angoulêne) o Romanesque basilica St. Isidore’s (Léon) o Standard issue basilica in peripheral town o Timpanum carving is of sacrifice of Isaac o Muslims called Hagarenes/Saracens by Christians; Islam now part of the story, just an illegitimate child Song of Roland o False story represented in St. Peter’s (Angoulêne) of how Charlemagne sent army into Spain to smash Muslims. Roland, hero of story, got killed, so Charlemagne took vengeance o Islam represented as pagan idolatry (early 1120s understanding of Islam) Hagar(enes) o Name for Muslims by Christians
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course HIST 211 taught by Professor Squatriti during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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2-14-08 - HISTORY 211 Europe's Chosen People 2/14/08 Terms...

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