1-15-08 - HISTORY 211 Aftertremors of Canossa Terms...

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HISTORY 211 1/15/08 Aftertremors of Canossa Terms Filioque Clause o Interjected into creed in late 10 th century. Filioque clause adds that spirit proceeds from father and from son o Separates Roman church from everyone else Papal Election Decree (1059) o In 1059, new way of making popes. Popes created by cardinals o First sign of how Gregorian reformers, having seized papacy, were turning papacy into autonomous organization Gregorian Reform o Sought independence of clergy from laity o Insisted on complete tradition of what it was doing. It was radical, but in Middle Ages, revolution is bad. Therefore, obsessed with ancient texts; looking for things to find precedent o Popes traveled a lot to spread message o Populace generally approved, secular leaders and bishops didn’t (bishops were more beholden to higher clerical power) Donation of Constantine (+800) o Needed reference to the past to justify change in the present Papal Legate o In middle of 11 th century (Gregorian-reform-minded church), papal legates
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course HIST 211 taught by Professor Squatriti during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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1-15-08 - HISTORY 211 Aftertremors of Canossa Terms...

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