1-17-08 - HISTORY 211 A Little ,Big Brother 1/17/08 Terms...

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HISTORY 211 A Little ‘Big Brother’ 1/17/08 Terms Universalism o Holy Roman Empire based on claim for universal authority and applicability o HRE’s universalism Couldn’t compete with universalism of popes Frederick I Barbarossa (+1190) o Elected emperor, thought Italy was great resource for riches o Wanted to assert military authority in Italy, needed Italian riches to get military authority (circular). Calls to German nobles for military manpower, they get power from him in return (more powerful than he is, in essence). Failed in getting riches from Italy o First emperor to call himself “Holy,” trying to regain power lost in Canossa by Henry IV o By end of career, had to submit to pope Otto of Freising (+1158) o Wrote The Deeds of Frederick I Barbarossa Regalian Rights o Rights of ruler to tax movements of goods Battle of Legnano o Italians fought Frederick’s heavy cavalry and defeated him decisively o Frederick acknowledged liberty of northern Italy, Norman kingdoms, and autonomy of papacy Status o Government and the authority to govern
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1-17-08 - HISTORY 211 A Little ,Big Brother 1/17/08 Terms...

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