- HISTORY 211 The People Without History Terms Peasant(Pays o In 14th century 80 of Europeans were agricultural workers o Word"peasant developed

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HISTORY 211 The People Without History 4/10/08 Terms Peasant (Pays) o In 14 th century, 80% of Europeans were agricultural workers o Word “peasant” developed in 1300s with negative connotations o Simplified diversity of peasants (good at different things) Villein o People who lives in villages o Another blanket term, like peasant o This term, like peasant, came up in literature Fabliaux o Short stories with short moral point o Very popular, especially in France o Example moral: peasants and excrement go together Piers Plowman (c. 1370) Luttrell Psalter (1320) o Manuscript painted in England o Collection of psalms made for laymen o Images are lay (knight with ladies), religious (Longinus), random (“Here’s a monkey with a death skull—why not?”) o Peasants dehumanized, represented as working hard and happy with it, objectified as pure production Life Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (1415) o Scenes of orderly peasant production for each month o When resting, peasants have dicks out
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course HIST 211 taught by Professor Squatriti during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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- HISTORY 211 The People Without History Terms Peasant(Pays o In 14th century 80 of Europeans were agricultural workers o Word"peasant developed

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