1-8-08 - HISTORY 211 Those Who Fought 1/8/08 Terms Oratores...

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HISTORY 211 Those Who Fought 1/8/08 Terms Oratores o Those who pray Bellatores o Those who fight Laboratores o Those who labor Trifunctionalism o 11 th and 12 th century method of categorizing Christian west by French clergymen in 1020s o You don’t switch categories; you can’t be in two categories o Male-dominated system (male prayers, male fighters, etc.). Females defined by husbands o Seen as perfect reflection on earth of heaven (rankings) Ordo o Medieval word for trifunctionalism (ordering of society). The morally justified order o The Ordo is hierarchical. Oratores are leaders. Society is body, clergy is the head Feudal Anarchy o Condition in France where the state cannot monopolize force or violence o Bellatores go around burning villages, monasteries, etc. because they belong to other bellatores o With Ordo, clergy claims power Lay/Secular o Other imagining of medieval by people in the time; bifunctional o Ordo still main imagining of the time Feudalism (Feudum) o 2-3% of the population that had disproportionate power because they wielded effective means of violence o Lots of different grades of fighters (poor knight and wealthy lord)
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1-8-08 - HISTORY 211 Those Who Fought 1/8/08 Terms Oratores...

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