BEP - BEP Chapter 2 Learning and Cognition Exercise...

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BEP Chapter 2 Learning and Cognition Exercise Automaticity Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinvertisy it deosent mttaer waht leettr is fsrit in a word, jsut taht the frist and lsat ltteer are the smae Learning Long Term change in mental representations due to experience Mental Representations = cognitive Experience – outside of the body Look at different approaches on p 19 Learning and the brain Synapses between brain cells \ These develop more complicated webs with through child and adolescent development Hippocampus and Cortex – more neurons may be created Two hemispheres left language and logical thinking and right visual and spatial task Right Brain Left Brain myth Basic Assumptions of Cognitive Psycology Congnitive Process influence the nature of what is learned Cognitive Processes mentally thinking about info or an event 1 people learn new info more easily when they relate it to something they know 2 people learn several pieces of new info more easily when they can relate the pieces to an overall organizational structure People are selective about what they process and learn Ex Ignore certain stimuli going on around you Bombarded with info Basic Assumptions Meaning is constructed by the learner, rather than being derived directly from the environment
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Ex, constructivism – learners construct knowledge from their experiences Prior Knowledge and beliefs play a major role in the meanings that people construct People are actively involved in their own learning People do not adsorb knowledge active participants Basic Terminology in Cognitive Psych Memory – save things mentally Storage – process of putting what is learned into memory in the first place Encoding – Modify and ENCODE information, meaning and interperations. Also turn into visual info Retrieval – finding it in memory Human Memory 3 Components – sensory register working short term memory long term memory 1 Sensory Register input in unencoded form Large Capacity Doesn’t last very long Visual less than a second, Auditory a few seconds Must move it to working memory Attention whatever people pay attention to mentally moves into working memory Ex. Reading a book not remembering the page stoplight Cocktail party Phenomenon attend to one conservation only Attention Event is detailed and complex what are you thinking right now Focus People can perform 2-3 automatic tasks at once chew gum and talk on cell phone Vast Majority of info that body receivers is lost every day Classroom Overt Behavior vs real attention (mental process) 1. Immediately tested – college harder to do 2. Put material to use ex. Stat Class
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3. Note taking – help students learn b/c they are paying attention. Ex – made test easier Proximity Stimulation Classroom Breaks – mental breathers Short Term Memory Working Memory – component of memory that holds and actively thinks about and processes a limited amount of info Does most of the mental process and temporary bin Central Executive – focuses attention, Inhibits inappropriate thoughts and actions
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course CSE 360 taught by Professor Rudder during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.

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BEP - BEP Chapter 2 Learning and Cognition Exercise...

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