"Psycho" (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960)PSYCHO Study GuidePSYCHO (1960). Director Alfred Hitchcock, composer Bernard Herrmann. Cast: Janet Leigh (Marion Crane), Anthony Perkins (Norman Bates), Lila Crane (Vera Miles), Private Det. Arbogast (Martin Balsam), Sam Loomis (John Gavin), Sheriff Chambers (John McIntire), California Charlie (John Anderson), Patricia Hitchcock (the director’s daughter plays receptionist in Marion's office)"Psycho," adapted from Robert Bloch’s 1959 pulp mystery (itself inspired by the grisly crimes of Wisconsin handyman Ed Gein), is what Hitchcock liked to call "pure cinema." where long stretches of narrative played out without dialogue. This is why the film held audiences around the world spellbound. "Psycho," I'd also contend, represents the ultimate in viewer manipulation. Thanks to periodic re-releases (in the days before VHS or DVD) it remains Hitchcock’s most profitable production, easily out-grossing such Hitchcock favorites as “Strangers on a Train” and “The Birds.” Shot quickly and cheaply (budget $800,000) by utilizing members of the “Alfred Hitchcock Presents” TV crew, the film was in theaters before word got out about it's surprise ending.